January : A Midsummer Night’s Dream (Part Two)

Hello again! Here is part two of my post on Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. If you haven’t already, please check out the first part of this little adventure on my blog here.

Been wondering about the Rude Mechanicals? Well, wonder no further, here they are:

Staging, Dressing and Playing A Midsummer Night’s Dream

The Rude Mechanicals:

Bottom’s ass-head is made of bark and sticks, rather like the fairies’ hair. They are dressed roughly–cargo pants/shorts, etc, messy, dirty, etc. Starveling has a more important role than usual in this adaptation–he is, in fact, present the whole time once night falls–he sits in the exact middle of the stage atop a column resembling the trunk of a tree (the sheer curtains hang from this on either end across the stage). He sits there with his lantern and thorns (the lantern is a sort of white sphere with the top cut off that hangs from a curved pole wrapped with thorns). He is accompanied by a fairy on all fours on a leash (tail especially visible) as the dog. He seems to be unaware of his role or of the fairy beside him, and does not interfere with the actions–he only represents the moon. He comes in the same fashion to the play with the fairy again as the dog, and no one, including himself, seems to notice anything strange about this.

(Titania Asleep in her Bower)

Articles of the Set and the Set Itself:

Titania’s bower is as follows: she sleeps on a thick woven blanket/rug with fringe on the edges in the forest, it reaches the floor with a stairway of books and there are many flowers sticking out from underneath the fringe of the blanket, as if it is set on top of them (because it is). Although the bower itself seems rather made of manmade objects, it is nestled in the wild forest. The fairies accompany themselves with a xylophone as they sing Titania to sleep.

The fairies also possess copious amounts of iced tea in large, glass jars and it seems to be the only form of sustenance around them (it is midsummer, after all). It should appear being carried by fairies in Titania’s procession, sitting on skiffs in Oberon’s.

The stage possesses a river cut into it (a channel of water on stage right sufficient for the lovers to get wet in and Oberon to arrive in), and there is a sheer curtain draped across the stage, with Starveling’s pillar set in the middle. This curtain is to be used when the fairies are watching the humans invisibly–they are on one side, the humans another, to continue the sort of illusionary idea.

The set is rather large and rotating. On one side we have the fairy forest, the other the civilized world of the Duke Theseus. The stage can be rotated in several ways: a. we are faced with Athens, b. we are faced with the wild fairy forest, c. we get a sideways view, half Athens and half fairy-forest. The sheer dividing curtain mentioned above is hung between these two realms, but as has been mentioned it is a sheer curtain, and so they are not really so divided after all. When Theseus and his early morning hunting party come upon the four lovers near the end of the play, he notices
them and lifts the curtain they are just behind (or perhaps half of them is behind it) to get a better look.

As for the set of Athens: there are some outside areas on the right side of the curtain (important for the Lysander/Hermia cloud-watching scene described below). It is mostly dominated by the main building–the smaller room within which is Theseus’ bedroom, which we get a view of from the side-view. It has a bed, a window to escape from, etc. The main feature is tables and shelves full of books, books spread messily all over the place. The main room of this place called “Athens” is a sort of coffee-house setting–there’s a counter with beverage-making appliances etc., and tables with people reading, sipping–which are pushed back against the counter to view the play.

Philostrate (loose jeans, apron, ponytail) works behind the counter making beverages, and delivers his lines from there. When it is facing the viewer full-on we have a main room wherein the first scene with Hermia and her father will take place, and the lovely play by the Rude Mechanicals, as well as a door to a room that is supposedly Theseus’ bedroom (this is also, at the end of the play, the bridal chamber they shall disappear into). When we have the sideways view (that also includes the fairy forest), we can see into this bedroom, and as night falls and the main focus of the scene is Hermia and Lysander escaping into the woods on stage right, one can also notice Theseus retiring to bed. There isn’t anything interesting going on over here on stage left, but the audience will likely notice him–they will also likely notice a Puck slipping into his bedchamber, and taking his hand and leading him away, out the window off backstage in the direction of stage left as the main focus is Lysander and Hermia slipping beyond the curtain, Demetrius and Helena close behind. This makes more sense with the whole idea of Theseus’ dream, and when the audience notices him reappear as Oberon, it makes everything tie in a little more. This silent and short little scene will be placed between acts one and two–the Rude Mechanicals have left after their first meeting outside Athens (note that whenever they pass through the sheer curtain they tangle themselves in it, like spiderwebs, find it rather irritating but don’t seem to think anything of it), and before the fairies make their grand entrance–this is as night has fallen, the moon (Starveling) comes out and the stage darkens a reasonable amount.

The fairies hang and stash all manner of glowing lanterns, votives, lights around the house in 5.1 at Oberon’s order, and when the couples appear after the wedding they are all crowned with flowers.
The stage doesn’t rotate while scenes are happening until 5.1–for the first part of the scene with the play and everything Athens is facing the viewers and we have a bit of an illusion that we are in fairy land no longer (Starveling and his fairy dog cue the audience in that perhaps it’s not so), but it rotates slowly as the couples disappear into their bridal chambers and we get a sideways view of the two parts of the stage again, the fairies begin to proceed from stage right into Athens, but only fairies first before the fairy king and queen, and slowly. This is important because Hippolyta and Theseus need a moment to escape underneath the stage, run backstage and take off their wedding clothes to quickly assemble themselves as fairies, before appearing stage right.

(Lysander Escaping with Hermia)

Notes on Staging Certain Scenes:

In scene 1.1, it shall be cut between Lysander’s “The course of true love never did run smooth” and his following line, “But either it was different in blood–”. The scene beginning scene set in Theseus’ palace ends with “The course of true love never did run smooth”, and it is staged that another scene immediately follows where Lysander, Hermia and soon Helena finish up 1.1 (note that there is not actual change to the words) starting with “But Either it was different in blood–”. The rest of this scene is staged outside, with Lysander and Hermia lying side by side on their backs on the grass cloud-watching, and it is important that they deliver these lines without undue passion, more like friends talking–this I believe is the way to make this scene a. most believable and b. add the most depth to their relationship. It is also how I first imagined it when I read it.
The next special staging will be in scene 2.1, when we first meet the fairies.

The part where Puck meets the unnamed fairy in the beginning should be played as if he is a mischievous friend, dancing around then hugging and rocking the fairy from behind and she pretends to mind.

The “dog” that Starveling has with him as Moonshine in the play should actually be a fairy, on all fours, tail readily visible, on a leash held by Starveling–nobody seems to notice.
Also, there should be an older woman (ostensibly Lysander’s aunt) who is there in the last scene, and it seems she’s attended his wedding–she gives him a hug of congratulations(just a little tie-in there).

When Puck seems to want to get the whole business done before morning and Oberon does not mind going on operating into the sunlit hours in 3.2, considering how the rest of this is being staged that part can be done as if Puck knows something Oberon does not–almost alluding here that Oberon doesn’t get that he is almost a dream of Theseus’ and Puck is conveying an urgency–that we need to get this done before Theseus wakes up.

When Oberon instructs Puck considering the Love-in-Idleness flower, 2.1, he is rifling through Theseus’ (unoccupied) bedroom, through the mess of tomes spread all over the place as he’s telling Puck about the flower, its origins, where the find it.

Also, note that in 1.1 Hippolyta seems a little ticked off at Theseus considering Hermia’s plight (she was, after all, queen of the Amazons). This could be played up just slightly to be the dramatic build-up for the tension between Oberon and Titania if it is a reflection of Theseus’ anxieties approaching the wedding.

Theseus and Hippolyta are sitting sipping cold drinks at a table in 1.1 when Egeus brings Hermia and Demetrius and Lysander in.

Sketches along the Way:


Haven’t read A Midsummer Night’s Dream yet? Have no fear, both the Shakespeare-initiated and non-initiated, as I would say it could very well be one of his shortest and lightest plays. It’s a good one to start with, if you’ve never read him before, and very entertaining, whether you have or not! While I always encourage the reader to support their local bookstore, if you don’t have one around or it doesn’t have this book, you can find it on my first affiliate link:

Yes, affiliate links. A flower’s gotta eat. 🙂


January : Hanneke Cassel

Introduction (also know as, Phlox’s last stand):

This is the Phlox. If the reader is surprised to find the humble flower in the garden of the venerable Snottor, well…it is perhaps a last stand, a last gasp at a word in, before he takes the stage:

As of now, at its commencement, this blog will release two parts every month. The first, as the viewer has already seen, is a sample of the Phlox’s work inevitably inspired by something or other. This is released around the beginning of the month. Now we have, in the middle of the month, the second installment—with the unabashed aim of sending the reader down a rabbit trail. Here in this mid-month post, the Snottor intends to review and recommend an artist, musician, blogger, movie, book, or something else of that sort that he thinks very highly of, for the reader. He is not affiliated with anyone or anything he recommends in any way, being only a humble, admiring Snottor. The Snottor apologizes if the reader does not take as much pleasure from any of his recommendations as he has.

*the Snottor has now found in imperative that he take the stage*

Thus, lengthy preludes aside, here is the first installment from a wise animal (he hopes you all have endured Phlox long enough to reach this pivotal January 15th).

The interfering Phlox is a violist herself (albeit a very negligent one), and the Snottor is very appreciative of folksy/Celtic strings. He unwittingly stumbled upon Hanneke Cassel on Spotify, while listening to Disney/Pixar’s Brave soundtrack. He will be able to offer a more satisfying introduction next time, perhaps, if a certain insignificantly small flower remembers her place.

About this artist:

Hanneke Cassel, with a name almost as admirable as the Snottor’s, is an accomplished and prolific composer, teacher, and performer on the violin. Everything about her can be learned far more eloquently and likely more accurately, the Phlox cuts in, on her website: https://www.hannekecassel.com/about/

Enough of this meddlesome flower, the Snottor declares. He does like the color, but it is becoming rather a weed. He shall have to condemn her to a plot of her own.

The Snottor is often more of an enthusiast of music with words himself—and never, as a rule, listens to anything while gardening, for fear of confusing his trademark wisdom with the lyrics of others—but her beautiful songs continue to transport him. They are all original and beautiful, rich and vibrant with life. She says herself on her website, “Hanneke writes music from personal experiences of love and loss as well as to commemorate the joys and sorrows in the lives of loved ones.” The Snottor can feel this is her music, it has a beauty and depth that makes him want to listen to it forever, and subsequently ignore all his duties vitally important to the world.

The Snottor highly recommends that the reader incline their ear her way. If they do not find themselves sufficiently rewarded, the Snottor is inclined to inform them that they have no soul. However, he will attempt to restrain himself. He particularly has been enjoying her album, “Dot the Dragon’s Eye”.

This month was Shakespeare and music, what could next month be, he wonders? The Snottor will certainly not reveal the developments that will take place in his own garden. However, he will say that Phlox may get her hands a little dirty and her eyes a little dazzled in the lab.

About the Phlox

Phlox— Any of various North American plants of the genus Phlox, having opposite leaves and a salverform corolla.”

This is the rather dry description (plagiarized from a dictionary) which the Snottor offered up. I, Phlox, however, feel the need, (perhaps in the interest of vanity), to add several things about myself.

First, that I am a young student, if that provides any illumination to the reader (and will perhaps encourage them to forgive me my faults?); second, that I am very fond of reading, writing, taking walks, and loving my puppy.

I shall also, seizing gleefully upon this moment of free space which is offered me, take the moment to blab that the Snottor may not in fact be as enigmatic as he tries to be, as there is some little known about him after all. After extensive research, I, Phlox, have come to suspect that the Snottor may have something of the Anglo Saxons in his history. I offer no more.


January : A Midsummer Night’s Dream (Part One)

Here we are with my first official post.

These will often be projects of art, writing, or costuming inspired by some book far greater than I.

This month, for January, it is inspired by Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. This is not the norm for these posts, but this was actually a final project for a class. I have designed costumes for most of the characters, along some timid set designs and stage directions, etc. It is basically just my imagining of the play, if I were putting the thing on myself.

I hope you enjoy!

Staging, Dressing and Playing A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Notes on the General Feel of this Adaptation:

The idea is a sort of dreamy story-land. Although the fairies are very different from the humans they are constantly seen with aspects of the human world (books, iced tea, patchwork) because they are part of it, just like the humans are part of theirs. Books are a big theme in the set, as the whole idea with the fairies is that they’re connected to the humans by stories in the background. Overall it is rather being presented as Theseus’ dream (discussed later).



Hermia is visibly shorter than Helena–she is more low-to-the-ground, Helena is taller and thinner. Hermia’s costume is as follows: the basic piece is a mint-green dress, a sort of chiffon feel, with a knee-length skirt prone to furling out beautifully and tight 3/4 sleeves. On top of this she wears a knit pale-pink shirt with furled edges that clings tight but it really quite comfortable due to the knit nature of the fabric. She also wears dark Mary Janes, and has rather short dark brown curls for her hair. The clothes must look appropriate for the season (i.e. summer). She escapes with Lysander with her cello case on her back (ostensibly with a cello inside), and a brown paper bag of cookies. In the scene where she meets Demetrius for the first time in the woods and chews him out, thinking he’s killed Lysander before storming away she drops her cookies (perhaps she pushes Demetrius of something, which causes her to drop them), before tromping off and a rather bemused and disappointed Demetrius is left munching on them in her wake. She does manage to keep the cello case with her (one would hope she would), and swings it at Helena as a weapon as the fight scene between the two later in the play escalates.


Helena is taller than Hermia and thinner. She wears a cream summer dress, empire waist and it is not frilly as Hermia’s things are, and when there are borders or ends they are flatter. She wears reddish ballet flats that complement her hair, which is longer than Hermia’s, more straight, and a bit of a strawberry blonde. Helena and
Hermia wear matching friendship bracelets that should be visible in at least some of the scenes.


Demetrius has light brown slacks, and a light blue collared shirt with sleeves rolled up 3/4. He has brown curly hair (lighter than Hermia’s). The important thing here is that Demetrius isn’t a bad guy (although it certainly seems that way in the play’s beginning). He is more stubborn than Lysander but he is also more moderate, as shall be discussed below.


Lysander is far more passionate than Demetrius in just the way he lives his life, and this is evident in his clothing. He wears a white shirt, of a much looser and romantic nature, and his pants are darker and not loose as Demetrius’, more form-fitting. His hair is darker, straighter, and longer than Demetrius’, and his whole aspect is one more romantic, while Demetrius usually comes off as sterner. He swings around all over the place emotionally–it’s important to note when looking at their characters that in the big fight scene between the four lovers, when both Lysander and Demetrius are under the same magic spell to love Helena, Lysander insults, threatens, and would hurt Hermia at this new (albeit magic) passion towards Helena, while Demetrius, under the same spell, does no such thing and asks Lysander to leave Hermia alone. Hmm. Interesting.

Titania and Oberon:

They wear clothing made of patchwork–Titania a simple dress, Oberon a tunic and short pants. This is not shabby patchwork, however–it is fine and carefully put together, it’s not dirty. They also each have quite the head of hair–Titania wild golden curls, Oberon long dark locks. They are both crowned with a band of thick, wild flowers. This next part is not my original idea, but I read a summary of an article in the back of the Folger’s copy of this play that suggested the idea of Titania and Oberon being played by the same actress and actor as Hippolyta and Theseus. The idea here is framing the play more as Theseus’ dream (the crazier parts, mostly) that expresses his desires and anxieties as his wedding with Hippolyta fast approaches. I really like this idea and feel like in my adaptation this would be how it would be played. It was called “A Midsummer Night’s Dream: Anamorphism and Theseus’ Dream.” in the Shakespeare Quarterly 42 (1991): 409-30 by James L. Calderwood.

I have not read the actual article myself, but the Folger’s summary caught my attention.


Although Puck is of uncertain age, he is certainly younger in appearance than the rest of the fairies. He holds a childish look to him and is impish, dreamy, and playful as well as mischievous. He has wild little curls, wears a bright yellow raincoat, and too-big stripy socks (unlike the fairies, who are barefoot). Puck is his own thing, he is not a normal fairy like the rest of them (technically he’s a goblin) but a mischief maker and lone wolf that goes off and has his own adventures (who happens to be Oberon’s henchman). Around his neck he wears a flat, round mirror. This adds to the mischievous illusion of Puck’s presence–it should be rather disorienting for the audience to be looking at him but then there’s a hole in his chest

with a reflection of the wild forest around him, or perhaps of the audience themselves. The possible cons of the mirror are two-fold: a., it hinders Puck’s agility. Puck’s freedom of movement is very important and if he finds the mirror hinders this, then it should be discarded. Also, if the other actors and actresses find it unduly distracting it should also be discarded, as Puck can stand without it.

A Rendition of the Two Fairy Processions (for a high-budget movie– read on to discover what this would actually look like)

The Fairies:

Wear patchwork clothing similar to that of Titania and Oberon. In contrast to Titania and Oberon, however, they are elderly in their appearance, and their hair is made of wildly sticks. They also have tails, and play the role the wild beasts Demetrius threatens Helena with in the forest (in that scene the audience can see the fairies on all fours with their tails, animal-like on the edges of the stage around Demetrius and Helena). Titania’s fairy procession is on land–interspersed with beasts played by fairies on all fours, lanterns, flowers, lights. Oberon’s takes its way by water–he rides a wild skiff, and his fairies follow in like fashion.

Here comes the end of part one! To find out about the Rude Mechanicals (and a few other things besides), stay tuned for part two!

What is your favorite work of Shakespeare? Mine might be Julius Caesar.



About The Snottor

The Snottor is a gardening animal, of the sort (he fancies) that the highly esteemed Victor Hugo would approve of, seeming, at least in his writing, to be fond of passionate gardeners generally.

The Snottor is yet to be pinned down with a scientific name (he disapproves of such things) by any botanist, zoologist, microbiologist, anthropologist, biologist, ecologist, mycologist, or archaeologist (that he knows of).

He confesses to being an animal of pleasure, the main route being through listening incessantly to Mateo Messina’s “Up the Spout” from the Juno Soundtrack with glee. It really plays quite lovelily on the ears.

The Snottor works diligently year-round cultivating a variety of blooms, including opinions, wisdom, pearls, blisters, and phlox.


How does one start a blog, the poor apprentice wonders? What does one say? Hello?

Hello. I, the Phlox, have made a bargain with the Snottor, who you will meet sooner than you wanted to. It is this: that half of this blog shall be mine, and half his. It is a very teetering sort of bargain, as the Snottor is not a very conciliatory animal.

We shall see how it will go.

Together we have drawn up the most conciliatory plan of attack we could afford:


  1. Every month to post thrice; once for the Snottor, and twice for my(the Phlox)self.
  2. For the Phlox to post once at the beginning of each month with part one of a paltry project in art or writing for the amusement of the reader, and then again at the end with the second installment.
  3. For the Snottor to post once near the middle of each month concerning a pearl of wisdom from his passionately cultivated garden. As of now, this shall be in reviews and recommendations of something for the reader’s pleasure. The Snottor has a wealth of opinions to distribute.
  4. Aim: as has been stated above, for the amusement and pleasure of the reader.